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Generative AI & History: 50 Years of Palestine Casualties History Reported with Sources

Dahlia Arnold

Dec 24, 2023


This list article aims to shed light on the major incidents since 1980 that have led to significant Palestinian casualties. Understanding these events is crucial for grasping the complexities of the Israel-Palestine conflict and its impact on the Palestinian people. It also highlights how  the Israel-Palestine conflict, with roots stretching back over a century, has seen numerous escalations and violent confrontations. Since 1980, several incidents, ranging from military offensives to intifadas (uprisings), have led to substantial loss of life and suffering among Palestinians, including those in territories like Gaza and Lebanon.

11. August 2022 Gaza Airstrikes (August 2022)

  • Casualties: Over 30 Palestinians killed.

  • Context: A series of Israeli airstrikes in response to actions by Palestinian Islamic Jihad.

  • Sources:

    • The Times of Israel: Reporting on the August 2022 Gaza airstrikes.

    • Al Jazeera English: Coverage of the events and aftermath of the airstrikes.

10. November 2012 Operation Pillar of Defense (November 2012)

  • Casualties: 174–177 Palestinians killed.

  • Context: An eight-day conflict initiated by Israel after the killing of Hamas’s military chief.

  • Sources:

    • Reuters: News coverage of Operation Pillar of Defense.

    • International Crisis Group: Analysis of the November 2012 conflict.

9. March 2018 Gaza Border Protests (Starting March 2018)

  • Casualties: Over 170 Palestinians killed.

  • Context: Palestinian protests along the Gaza-Israel border met with Israeli military response.

  • Sources:

    • CNN: Reports on the Gaza border protests.

    • Human Rights Watch: Documentation of events during the Gaza border protests.

8. 2021 Israel–Palestine Crisis (May 2021)

  • Casualties: 275 Palestinians killed.

  • Context: Escalations during the Muslim holy month of Ramadan led to this 11-day conflict, with Israeli airstrikes in Gaza and rocket fire from Palestinian militants.

  • Sources:

    • The New York Times: Articles on the May 2021 crisis.

    • BBC News: In-depth analysis and reporting on the crisis.

7. Fatah-Hamas Conflict (2006-2007)

  • Casualties: 600 Palestinians killed.

  • Context: A violent struggle between the two major Palestinian factions, Fatah and Hamas, for control over the Gaza Strip.

  • Sources:

    • The Washington Post: In-depth reports on the Fatah-Hamas conflict.

    • Middle East Eye: Analysis and coverage of the Fatah-Hamas conflict.

6. Gaza War (December 2008 - January 2009)

  • Casualties: 1,166–1,417 Palestinians killed.

  • Context: Known as Operation Cast Lead, this conflict involved a three-week Israeli military campaign in Gaza.

  • Sources:

    • The Independent: Articles on the Gaza War of 2008-2009.

    • Amnesty International: Reports on human rights violations during the Gaza War.

5. First Intifada (December 1987 - September 1993)

  • Casualties: Approximately 2,000 Palestinians killed.

  • Context: A grassroots uprising against Israeli occupation in the Palestinian territories, marked by widespread protests and violence.

  • Sources:

    • Britannica: Encyclopedia entry on the First Intifada.

    • Al Jazeera: Articles and documentaries about the First Intifada.

4. Second Intifada (September 2000 - February 2005)

  • Casualties: Between 2,000 and 3,500 Palestinians killed.

  • Context: Sparked by Ariel Sharon's visit to the Temple Mount, this was a period of intensified Israeli-Palestinian violence.

  • Sources:

    • The New York Times: Coverage and analysis of the Second Intifada.

    • Human Rights Watch: Reports on the Second Intifada.

3. 2014 Israel–Gaza Conflict (July-August 2014)

  • Casualties: 2,310 Palestinians killed.

  • Context: Triggered by the kidnapping and murder of three Israeli teenagers, this seven-week war was marked by heavy Israeli airstrikes and shelling in Gaza.

  • Sources:

    • BBC News: Detailed reports on the 2014 Israel-Gaza conflict.

    • The Guardian: Comprehensive coverage of the 2014 conflict.

2. 1982 Lebanon War (June-September 1982)

  • Casualties: Estimates range from 5,000 to 8,000 Palestinian and Lebanese deaths, with up to 30,000 total casualties.

  • Context: The Israeli invasion of Lebanon aimed to expel the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO).

  • Sources:

    • BBC History: Articles covering the 1982 Lebanon War.

    • The Guardian: Historical archives on the 1982 Lebanon War.

1. 2023 War in Gaza


This listicle provides a historical overview of the significant attacks on Palestine since 1980, highlighting the incidents with the highest Palestinian casualties. These events reflect the ongoing complexities and tragedies of the Israel-Palestine conflict.

The persisting conflict underscores the importance of understanding its history and the human toll it has taken, particularly on the Palestinian people. It calls for continued efforts towards finding a peaceful resolution that acknowledges and addresses the sufferings of all parties involved.

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